Journal Article
Review

Cognitive biases associated with medical decisions: a systematic review.

Saposnik G, Redelmeier D, Ruff CC, et al. BMC medical informatics and decision making. 2016;16:138.

Cognitive bias can contribute to diagnostic error, leading to delays in treatment and unnecessary harm to patients. Consistent with prior research, this systematic review found that multiple types of cognitive bias are associated with diagnostic mistakes and inadequate medical management of patients.