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Just Culture: Balancing Safety and Accountability, Second Edition. Classic icon
Dekker S. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited; 2012. ISBN: 9781409440604.

While early efforts in the patient safety movement focused on shifting the blame for errors from individuals to system-failures, more recently the pendulum has swung slightly back to try and balance a “no blame” culture with appropriate personal accountability. This tension was notably described early on in the context of resident training programs. Dr. Dekker’s book addresses the traditional criminalization of mistakes and draws from several high-risk industries to illustrate how a just culture is a more effective strategy to learn from and prevent error. He argues that a just culture in healthcare is critical to the creation of a safety culture.

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